Rivium GRT Application
The initial decision to implement the ParkShuttle transportation system between subway station Kralingse Zoom and business park Rivium (city of Capelle aan den IJssel) was taken in 1995. The goal of the pilot was to proof that at the same expense, a better service and higher frequency could be achieved – making (public) transportation a more attractive alternative for car drivers.
From February 1999 to November 2001, three ParkShuttle vehicles operated on the 1300-meter single lane trajectory. Bi-directional travel was enabled by means of three passing locations. An interstate is intersected by means of a tunnel, while a highway is crossed by a specially constructed (single lane) bridge. A journey lasted approximately 4 minutes.
The anticipatated required capacity was exceeded because of expansions of the business park. At the same time the capacity was restricted by the number and size of the vehicles in combination with the single infrastructure. The succes of the system prompted the decision in December 2001 to upgrade the system from its’ pilot status.
The number of vehicles (6) and the capacity of the vehicles (20 passengers) doubled. The quality was also improved by applying state-of-the-art automotive know-how and technology. The vehicles are (even) more reliable, comfortable, silent and faster.
During peak-hours all vehicles are operational, on-schedule, based on a 2.5 minute interval. The scheduled service ensures the capacity is optimally used, while the on-demand operations in off-peak hours ensure the passenger service is maximized.
The business park Rivium case is a good example of the succes of Group Rapid Transit applications. The passenger acceptance of the system is great and the experience with the operations of the system have been invaluable, adding to the existing knowledge and being better able to provide insight into the operations to potential customers.
Business Park Rivium Application summarized:
|Description:||Public Transportation to business park|
|Operational period:||Phase I: February 1999 – November 2001
Phase II: December 2005
|Patronage:||3.500 passengers (daily)|
|Peak Capacity:||500 p/ph/pd|
|Service Frequency:||2.5 minutes (peak hours)
On-demand (off-peak hours)
|Times of Operation:||12hrs. p/d, 5 days p/w|
|Operations:||On-schedule / on-demand|
|Connections:||Ride sharing, Multiple Origins to Multiple Destinations|
|Type of vehicle:||2nd generation ParkShuttle|
|Number of Vehicles:||6|
|Passengers seated/standing:||12 / 10+|
|Supervisory Control System:||Transit Operations Monitoring and Supervision (TOMS)|
|Track Length:||1800 meters|
|Number of Stations:||8, on-line|
|Berths per station:||4 stations with 2 berths, 4 single berth stations|
|Crossings for Traffic/Pedestrians:||6 (3 at grade) / 5 (all at-grade)|