Automated People Movers
Automated People Movers Systems (APM) are a guided transit mode with fully automated (driverless) operaton, featuring (computer controlled) vehicles that operate on a dedicated network of guideways. Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) and Group Rapid Transit (GRT) systems as marketed by 2getthere are APM systems.
In contrast to traditional APM systems, PRT and GRT systems are capable of operating in a network. As such the phrase ‘Automated Transit Networks’ has also been used to describe them.
Passenger benefit from PRT and GRT as the systems operate on demand or at a high frequency. At the same time cities benefit from the reduction of car traffic, congestion and the environmentally friendly character. Developers maximize land value and reduce space wasted for non-value added activities.
2getthere offers two in-house developed Automated People Mover Systems: PRT (personal rapid transit) and GRT (group rapid transit). Optionally these systems can also be combined on the same network, but also with vehicles dedicated for the transportation of goods: FRT (freight rapid transit).
For each application the most suitable system can be selected based on application characteristics, requirements and the customer preferences. This also means that ride-sharing, a characteristic of GRT systems, can be realized in a PRT application. On the other hand direct origin-to-destination travel can also be accommodated using GRT.
With characteristics overlapping the San Jose study introduced the term Automated Transit Network to capture both systems.
People Mover Applications
2getthere’s first Automated People Mover system was realized in 1997, at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The GRT system Parking Hopper accommodated 10 passengers, with 8 seated. Serving two 1-km loops on the long term parking lot P3, the 4 vehicles transported passengers from their cars to the central lobby. In 1999 a 2nd pilot at Rivium business park was installed. The initial 1km connection with 2 stations, was upgraded to 1.8km and 5 stations in 2006. The 2nd generation vehicles were also upgraded to be able to transport 20 passengers.
In 2002 the first experience with PRT was realized at the Floriade, a temporary exhibition. It was followed up by the Masdar City application. Masdar is the first PRT application open to the general public, commencing service on November 28, 2010.