The network design should connect to all major locations that are to be serviced by the system. At the same time it should also take into account where spatial planning allows for easy integration. A smart infrastructure configuration is required to ensure minimum driving times between the main locations within the network. Minimizing driving times also ensures the fleet size required to achieve the required capacity is optimized.
The routing consists of the network and station configuration, with both being based on the demand pattern and the required throughput of the system. Part of the configuration is identifying the appropriate locations for stations and strategic buffer locations.
The track configuration of an Automated Transit Network system can range from a pinched loop (line connection), to a loop or a network (multiple intersecting loops). The infrastructure, or sections of it, can be constructed at grade, elevated and underground. To ensure throughput and ensure safety, typically the configuration does not feature intersections.
In the network configuration the design of the curves, and specifically their radii, is important as they determine the speed of the vehicles relative to the accepted lateral acceleration experienced by passengers. However, a large radius is not always possible as the system often needs to fit existing spatial planning. A trade-off is therefore required.
Each station can be individually designed, taking into account the throughput required, berth configuration and local spatial restrictions. The customization allows for the ATN system to be integrated within existing spatial planning more easily.
The number of berths depends on the throughput required. Both longitudinal and angled berth configurations are accommodated, with the most suitable arrangement selected for each station. The angled berths provide flexibility and reduce unnecessary movements in stations, where the longitudinal stations minimize the station footprint.
For the actual design of the stations 2getthere can co-operate with a customer appointed local architect.