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Shared Mobility Principles

Sustainable, inclusive, prosperous, and resilient cities depend on transportation that facilitates the safe, efficient, and pollution-free flow of people and goods, while also providing affordable, healthy, and integrated mobility for all people.

Shared Mobility Principles for Liveable Cities

2getthere is the latest signatory of the Shared Mobility Principles for Livable Cities. Launched at the 2017 Ecomobility World Festival in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, the principles are designed to guide urban decision-makers and stakeholders toward the best outcomes for all. The premise is to find the balance between new transportation services and the liveability of the city. The pace of technology-driven innovation from the private sector in shared transportation services, vehicles, and networks is rapid, accelerating, and filled with opportunity. At the same time, city streets are a finite and scarce resource.

Do you support the principles as well? Join the signatories at https://www.sharedmobilityprinciples.org/.

The 10 principles

1. WE PLAN OUR CITIES AND THEIR MOBILITY TOGETHER.
The way our cities are built determines mobility needs and how they can be met. Development, urban design and public spaces, building and zoning regulations, parking requirements, and other land use policies shall incentivize compact, accessible, livable, and sustainable cities.

2. WE PRIORITIZE PEOPLE OVER VEHICLES.
The mobility of people and not vehicles shall be in the center of transportation planning and decision-making. Cities shall prioritize walking, cycling, public transport and other efficient shared mobility, as well as their interconnectivity. Cities shall discourage the use of cars, single-passenger taxis, and other oversized vehicles transporting one person.

3. WE SUPPORT THE SHARED AND EFFICIENT USE OF VEHICLES, LANES, CURBS, AND LAND.
Transportation and land use planning and policies should minimize the street and parking space used per person and maximize the use of each vehicle. We discourage overbuilding and oversized vehicles and infrastructure, as well as the oversupply of parking.

Shared vehicles include all those used for hire to transport people (mass transit, private shuttles, buses, taxis, auto-rickshaws, car and bike-sharing) and urban delivery vehicles.

4. WE ENGAGE WITH STAKEHOLDERS.
Residents, workers, businesses, and other stakeholders may feel direct impacts on their lives, their investments and their economic livelihoods by the unfolding transition to shared, zero-emission, and ultimately autonomous vehicles. We commit to actively engage these groups in the decision-making process and support them as we move through this transition.

5. WE PROMOTE EQUITY.
Physical, digital, and financial access to shared transport services are valuable public goods and need thoughtful design to ensure use is possible and affordable by all users, regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, income, ability, or other characteristic/identity.

6. WE LEAD THE TRANSITION TOWARDS A ZERO-EMISSION FUTURE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY.
Public transportation and shared-use fleets will accelerate the transition to zero-emission vehicles. Electric vehicles shall ultimately be powered by renewable energy to maximize climate and air quality benefits.

7. WE SUPPORT FAIR USER FEES ACROSS ALL MODES.
Every vehicle and mode should pay their fair share for road use, congestion, pollution, and use of curb space. The fair share shall take the operating, maintenance and social costs into account.

8. WE AIM FOR PUBLIC BENEFITS VIA OPEN DATA.
The data infrastructure underpinning shared transport services must enable interoperability, competition and innovation, while ensuring privacy, security, and accountability.

9. WE WORK TOWARDS INTEGRATION AND SEAMLESS CONNECTIVITY.
All transportation services should be integrated and thoughtfully planned across operators, geographies, and complementary modes. Seamless trips should be facilitated via physical connections, interoperable payments, and combined information. Every opportunity should be taken to enhance connectivity of people and vehicles to wireless networks.

10. WE SUPPORT THAT AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES (AVS) IN DENSE URBAN AREAS SHOULD BE OPERATED ONLY IN SHARED FLEETS.
Due to the transformational potential of autonomous vehicle technology, it is critical that all AVs are part of shared fleets, well-regulated, and zero emission. Shared fleets can provide more affordable access to all, maximize public safety and emissions benefits, ensure that maintenance and software upgrades are managed by professionals, and actualize the promise of reductions in vehicles, parking, and congestion, in line with broader policy trends to reduce the use of personal cars in dense urban areas.

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Automation and Smart Cities: opportunity or a threat?

 Sjoerd van der Zwaan & Robbert Lohmann, 2getthere

“There is a clear need here for policy from government and local authorities.”

Driverless Car a threat

Is the driverless car a threat? Unless wise policy choices are made, autonomous cars could well make our cities even busier and more unsafe than they already are. This is the conclusion of the Utrecht-based technology company 2getthere, which specializes in automated transit solutions, in the white paper ‘Automation and Smart Cities: Opportunity or threat?’. According to 2getthere, urban policymakers are gazing at autonomous cars through rose-tinted glasses, and are not properly considering the potential negative scenarios.

In the white paper, the company observes that autonomous cars feature in just about every study on cities of the future – smart cities. In this context, they are regarded as the key to fewer cars on the road and reduced traffic movements in cities, while alleviating parking pressure and improving air quality. It is also believed that automation will significantly enhance traffic safety.

According to the authors Robbert Lohmann and Sjoerd van der Zwaan, however, who respectively hold the positions of Chief Operations Officer and Chief Technology Officer at 2getthere, these lofty expectations are unrealistic – at least, without supplementary policy decisions.

Solving the congestion

Lohmann: “This is because replacing traditional cars on a one-to-one basis with autonomous cars will not solve the problem of congestion: a combination is needed with shared use, or preferably, public transport. Autonomous cars will indeed improve air quality, but this will have to be in conjunction with sustainable electrification for a cleaner and more sustainable environment on a global scale. Autonomous cars must be able to stop anywhere to pick up passengers and they also need a place to park when not in use or while their batteries are charging. This means that car parks and parking spaces will continue to be necessary. It is also important to note that autonomous cars will be safer than regular cars, but they are not safer than public transport. In addition, the transition from manually driven cars to autonomous cars, where both share the road, also entails risks for other road users.”

Four daily rush hours instead of two

In the white paper, 2getthere describes various scenarios in which autonomous cars are likely to cause more rather than fewer problems in cities. Van der Zwaan: “For instance, because people who currently opt for public transport may switch to autonomous road transport. Or because there will be four rather than two daily rush hour periods, as autonomous cars will be parking themselves outside the city limits during the day.”

The authors therefore believe that urban policymakers must concentrate primarily on autonomous public transport type solutions, and where necessary, provide reserved bus lanes to guarantee traffic flow. Lohmann: “It is true that a mix of the ingredients of self-driving, pick-up and delivery, shared car use, and sustainable electricity is conducive to more liveable and pedestrian-friendly cities, but we believe that this cannot simply be left to the market. In that case, there is the danger that there will be many autonomous vehicles on the roads in the future that are used inefficiently, consume a lot of energy, and only add to the chaos. There is a clear need here for policy from government and local authorities.”

Read our free white paper now:
‘Automation and Smart Cities: Opportunity or threat?’

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